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Background of the Conference

Background

Energy is a foundation stone of the modern industrial economy. It is a critical driver of economic growth since many production and consumption activities involve energy as basic input. Global demand for energy is rapidly increasing, arising from population and economic growth, especially in emerging market economies, which will account for 90% of energy demand growth by 2035 (ECD, 2011). 

As recognized in Zanzibar development vision 2050, energy is a major priority for productivity and a catalyst to attain upper-middle-income status and hence it is one of the most essential inputs for sustaining people’s livelihoods. 

However, the current global energy system is largely dependent on fossil fuels, which negatively impact air quality, and contribute significantly to carbon emissions. Therefore, a major transformation is required in the way we produce, deliver and consume energy to meet economic and environmental objectives.

Zanzibar has been importing electricity from Tanzania mainland for decades. Studies show that     biomass resources in the islands are depleted at an alarming rate due to over increasing demand for energy (HBS 2019/2020). Preliminary indications suggest that the main priorities of the Zanzibar Government in the energy sector are:

 (i)   Reliability of supply, particularly in light of the dramatic consequences of the 2009-10 power cut and present occasional power shedding;

 (ii)  Energy independence, due to projected price escalation of electricity supplied by TANESCO (Tanzania Mainland Electricity Company);

 (iii)  Cost of energy production with regard to affordability and competitiveness concerns;

 (iv)  Environmental considerations.

Zanzibar has already entered the middle-income economic country and as per vision 2020, it is anticipated to enter the upper middle income by 2050. The vision has further highlighted the drivers of economic engines including economic transformation, human capital and social services, infrastructure linkages, governance and resilience and reliable and affordable energy as catalysts of development aspiration.

In view of this, there is an urgent need for Zanzibar to develop alternative energy sources such as solar, waste to energy, and wind to reduce dependency on electricity from Tanzania mainland, as well as increase energy security and reduce environmental the impact caused by over dependency on biomass energy. However, the adoption of these alternative energies will require new knowledge, skills, thinking and systems in the way we produce, deliver, and consume energy. 

In this regard, Zanzibar Planning Commission (ZPC) as HOST, Ministry of Water, Energy, and Minerals Zanzibar as CORE HOST, Together with, the State University of Zanzibar (SUZA), Karume Institute of Science & Technology (KIST), and Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH). are organizing the International Renewable Energy Conference to bring together local and foreign experts from the regional institutes, academia, private sector, government and non-governmental organizations to exchange the latest developments in knowledge’s, skills, innovation case studies, and researches that could provide evidence that will inform decision makers on appropriate, potential, and reliable electric energy resources. 

As Blue Economy considered a blueprint for promoting Zanzibar economic development (Zanzibar Vision 2020-2050), this conference will come up with the better ways towards sustainable energy which may including offshore renewable energies such as wind and solar power, as well as emerging ocean energy technologies that could support sustainable long-term development and drive a vibrant blue economy.

This conference will bring together scholars, practitioners, industry and policymakers working in the energy field to dialogue and share experiences in order to come up with knowledge, technologies and recommendations to inform policy/ decision-makers on the available potential of Renewable energy resources that could be adopted in Zanzibar.


Proposed Conference Output

o   Conference proceeding

o   Exhibition report

o   Conference report

o   List of participants

o   List of technologies displayed

o   Network


Proposed Conference Outcome

The expected outcomes of the conference are:

1       Shared understanding and consensus on knowledge, skills, experiences and actions needed to increase energy capacity in Zanzibar

2       Provision of evidence that will lead to increase investments in the energy sector

3       Reduction of government dependence on imported power

4       Information on the best way to advance sustainable blue and green  economy

5       Shared lessons and experiences regarding the development of the improved curriculum of energy technology and legal framework in the energy sector

6       Establishment and operation of energy specialists’ platforms/networks

7       Strengthening youth innovation and creativity will lead the creation of jobs in the Energy business


Proposed Number of days for Conference

The event will be carried on for three days from December 07-09, 2021. Last day for a tour around Zanzibar.


Methodologies

o   The conference will incorporate a Paper presentation and Exhibition

o   We expect to have at least 50 papers from the above sub-themes. Each day will have two parallel sessions and two keynote speakers.

o   Keynote speakers will be selected among the policymakers or experienced specialists on energy, energy policies or economists/ optimization.