2. Waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies & Global applications (Combustion / Pyrolysis / Gasification / Plasma Gasification). WTE facilities are an integral part of worldwide sustainable waste management, in harmonic cooperation with the recycling of municipal solid waste at the source and composting of preselected organic material (without any contradiction). Combustion processes with energy production (electricity/district heating and, in some cases, district cooling) represent the most dominant and proven technology in the majority of more than 2000 worldwide WTE plants treating approximately 250 million tons of waste per year Worldwide .
3. State of the art APC (environmental parameters) Air Pollution Control (flue gas cleaning systems). Bottom & fly Ash treatment/scrap recovery.
4. Financial aspects and parameters to select the best available technology in WTE Waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities, in terms of finance, are investments that require detailed design prior to implementation. Wte investment evaluation (Capex/Opex and many worldwide successful real case studies from Europe, the USA, Asia, and Africa are presented.